The most important start in dealing with substance abuse is to ensure that the workforce culture encourages sobriety. Having a written Drug and Alcohol Policy and conducting annual training sessions for all employees is critical to establishing a drug and alcohol free culture. In addition, conducting in-depth training for supervisors on how to spot abusers and deal with them is vitally important.
When there is a policy with consequences clearly spelled out, it is important to follow through with those who violate the policy. Mandatory participation in a substance abuse program, suspension, or termination must be appropriately and consistently applied in order to keep the sober culture credible.
Types of Tests
One of the best ways of delivering the message of a sober culture early is to conduct pre-employment drug and alcohol screening for all employees. There are several other types of tests that should be used in order to keep the problem minimized.
- Reasonable Suspicion – given when there are indications that the employee is under the influence.
- Post Accident – given to determine if substance abuse was the cause of an accident.
- Return to Duty – given to confirm employees who have been suspended for substance abuse can safely return to their jobs.
- Random – given randomly and without notice to ensure employees are not violating the D&A policy.
- Depressants – alcohol, marijuana and tranquilizers slow a person down and make them sluggish.
- Stimulants – meth, cocaine, and crack speed a person up and cause a person to be active and unusually hyper.
- Narcotic Analgesics – morphine, heroin, and Oxycontin make a person numb and unable to feel pain.
- Hallucinogens – LSD and certain mushrooms make a person see and hear things that don’t exist.
Drug and alcohol use usually causes extreme mood swings of being very energetic, angry, or depressed. If an employee is behaving noticeably strange, look for other signs of substance abuse such as alcohol hidden in beverages, the smell of marijuana, drug paraphernalia, bloodshot eyes, etc.
Symptoms and statistics sourced: https://syntheticurinereview.com/whizzinator-kit/
What to Do